Dry karst meadow

It is believed that in the remote past the Karst was covered with magnificent oak forests which almost became entirely extinct due to the use of timber, large scale fires (in order to have arable soil) and also grazing. In this way, Karst pastures were created which had exceptional flora.
Due to the neglect of these pastures and the felling of trees, they rapidly became overgrown in the middle of the 20th century. This unique meadow environment, where meadows, pastures, and forest slopes intertwine like a mosaic, was formed by animals grazing on an extremely shallow layer of soil which is found between the rocks. This environment is distinguished by an exeptionally rich flora. It is composed of plant species which are listed as typical Karst species, many of which are indigenous. The meadows are in bloom from early spring, when crocus (Crocus reticulatus), gentian (Gentiana tergestina) and cinquefoil (Pontetilla tommasiniana) begin to flower. Flowers bloom in spring and the warmest and most arid months, then through to late summer when amethyst eryngo (Eryngium amethystinum) and the orange-red euphorbiaceae (Euphorbia nicaensis) bloom.