The Roman (or Karst) House, Štanjel
At the crossroads stands a modest, multi-storeyed Karst house that reflects the character of folk architecture.
The ethnological collection Karst House (Kraška hiša) is arranged in a renovated, supposedly oldest building in Štanjel , the so-called "romanesque" house. The house was most likely built in the 14th or 15th century.
It shows how inventive these modest inhabitants were, using stone for construction where possible. Rainwater is channelled from its slate roof through stone gutters into a monumental fountain, which shows us how important was a water for karst in the past.
Reflects the architectural characteristics of the first Karst houses built during the Romanesque and Gothic periods.
The non-residential part of the house is situated on the ground floor. The bedroom and kitchen are on the first floor. On the ground floor you can see the activities of the Carst inhabitants of the past which enabled them to survive; the tools and objects on display represent a cross-section of some of the more frequent occupations: viticulture, animal husbandry, agriculture. Their crops and products were mainly sold in nearby Trieste and later the landscape, marked by the closeness of the metropolis, developed the first forms of rural tourism.
The Carsic kitchen has two characteristic niches, one next to the window and another in the wall - skafenca with a shelf for vased and a water container. Next to the small double bed, we find the typical cot and, next to the wall, there is the Carsic bottom drawer. The sheets on the bad are made of local material, the blankets are made with hand-made yarn. On the bad we can see the characteristic mattress of maize husks Iubenca.
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